HALONG BAY is listed & protected by UNESCO as the World's Heritage Site for its nature beauty and eco-system.
The bay features more than 3000 limestone karst islands & islets in different shapes and sizes. These larger zones share a similar geological, geographical, geomorphological, climate and cultural characters. Each top of island has its thick forest vegetation which is useful for the mamal animals.
Protected size: It covers over 1,550 sqkm2, including over 2,000 limestone islets. All the limestones rocks were created over 280 - 500 million years ago in different conditions and environments.
The evolution of the karst in this bay has taken 20 million years under the impact of the tropical wet climate.The geo-diversity of the environment in the area has created biodiversity, including a tropical evergreen biosystem, oceanic and sea shore biosystem.
Halong Bay is home to 14 endemic floral species and 60 endemic faunal species.
Halong Bay also has various number of caves, many of them are above the sealevel, while many others are under the water, According to the archaeologists, the human being ever inhabitated in the caves from 5000 - 8000 BC, as they found some spring shellfish (Melania), some fresh water mollusc and some rudimentary labour tools left in some caves. So the evidence is that Halong Bay was over the sealevel for about 7000 years ago. And this part of Vietnam sunk into the sea, the sealevel had killed the jungle and mainland eco-system. The change of earth crust had made Halong Bay like what we have seen it today, and the last animal survival tried to stay on the green vegetation on the top of islets, island.
Halong Bay is home to two ecosystems: a tropical, moist, evergreen rainforest ecosystem; and a marine and coastal ecosystem, so many islands that dot the bay are home to a greatmany other species.
USNESCO & the Value
- In 1994, Halong Bay was first listed as World Natural Heritage in recognition of its outstanding, universal aesthetic value
- In 2000, Halong Bay again was recognized for its outstanding geological and geomorphological valueas
- In 2012, Halong Bay became one of new 7 World's Natural Wonders
- Halong Bay is also a member of the Club of the Most Beautiful Bays of the World
The name of Halong Bay: According to the legend, the people believe that this area was created by heaven Emperor. When Vietnam was invaded by the North Enemies, the Emperor sent the mother Dragons to form the rocks and islets. Those rocks are to protect Vietnam from any bad attack.
Ha - means " coming down" or " descending"
Long - means " dragon"
Halong means " a place where the dragons descended"