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General information

24/10/16 22:14 484

CAMBODIA , officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia

Cambodia might be one of South East Asia’s smallest countries,  the country was most destroyed by Pol Pot genocide regime in the 1970s, but getting to become an highlight in South East Asia. Cambodia is well- known for its Angkor Wat Temple which were built in the 12th Century, and listed as a World's Heritage Wonder in 1992.

Geography: aproximately 182,000 km2

Population: 15 million people

Religion: More than 95% of populationare Buddhist, the rest of them are Hinduism, Tantrism, and native animism

Capital: Phnom Penh is the offical  Capital with more than 2,5 million people

Ethnic groups: There are 30 hill tribes, and accounting for 90% of population are Khmer Group, the rest are Vietnamese, Chinese,and others,  Vietnamese (5%) and Chinese (1%)

Climate: Cambodia's climate, like that of the rest of Southeast Asia, is dominated by monsoons,

Now: Officially a multiparty democracy, in reality "the country remains a one-party state dominated by the Cambodian People's Party

  • Pre-history: from 6000 B.C
  • Pre-Angkorian and Angkorian era:  from 3rd century to 14th Century, The Khmer Empire was Southeast Asia's largest empire during the 12th century. The empire's centre of power was Angkor,
  • Dark ages of Cambodia: from 1432 to 1845, including the civil war, and border war with Vietnam & Thailand
  • French colonisation: from 1862 to 1953,under the reign of King Norodom Sihanouk, Cambodia gained independence from France on 9 November 1953
  • Independence and Vietnam War: from 1953 to 1970,
  • Khmer Republic (1970–75)
  • Khmer Rouge regime: Estimates as to how many people were killed by the Khmer Rouge regime range from approximately one to three million; the most commonly cited figure is two million (about a quarter of the population)
  • Vietnamese occupation and transition: In November 1978, Vietnamese troops invaded Cambodia in response to border raids by the Khmer Rouge.
  • Restoration of the monarchy: In 1993, Norodom Sihanouk was restored as King of Cambodia,

Economy

  • Textiles
  • Tourism
  • Agriculture
  • Transport
  • Water supply and sanitation

The best of tourism in Cambodia is Angkor Temples, and the Tonle Sap Lake . The tourists not only come for Angkor, but also learn ithe history, the people, the culture and the relegions..

BEST HIGHLIGHTS OF CAMBODIA

- Siem Reap

- Angkor Temples

- Tonle Sap Lake

- Phnom Penh

- Battambang

- Kampong Cham

Related

Shopping in Cambodia is not like in Bangkok or Singapore in the South East Asia. But when you travel to Phnom Penh or Siem Reap, don't miss some local market to buy some local souvenirs.
Cambodia have many different public holidays, Like the Western countries, the people work 8 hours a day at the office, shcool (7am-11am or 1pm-5pm), and it is a Buddhist country, the people must stop working to respect their national religion.
Cambodia’s official currency is the riel, but you’ll see many people using the US Dollar to pay for everyday expenses. Don’t be fooled into changing dollars into riel at the land border crossings! The touts will tell you that the dollar is now not used anymore, so you have to change into riel at their ridicolous low exchange rate.
Watch all the warning when you travel in the countryside, stay on clear pathways as there may be landmines or unexploded ordnance. At the more remote crossing points, conditions can be basic. Don't travel by yourself to some jungle without any sign of warnings. Because the landmines & unexplosive are still big problem after the war.
Cambodia is a tropical humid country, the heat and the change of climate could cause the sickness for you. If you visit in the hot season, the heat is a big problem for your touring. Wearing the hat, drinking much clean water is alway the best advice. You also never know what happens on your trip, especially some unfortunate case of diarrhoea. You should bring your pharmacy in case. Sometimes you even can not find your right medicine in the places you travel.
For most visitors to the Kingdom, visa are obtainable upon arrival at both Phnom Penh and Siem Reap International Airports in Phnom Penh and Siem Reap.
Cambodia can be visited at any time of year. The ideal months are December and January, when humidity levels are relatively low, there is little rainfall and a cooling breeze whips across the land, but this is also peak season when the majority of visitors descend on the country.